Secretariat of Basel and Stockholm Convention

‘Forever chemicals’ contamination at Defense Department sites threatens Great Lakes fish and residents

The chemicals have seeped into the Great Lakes, adversely affecting wildlife, and potentially harming residents’ food supply and livelihoods if they consume fish contaminated with the chemicals. The contamination underscores the need for swift PFAS cleanup by DOD, which used these chemicals in firefighting foams for decades and knew of their harms. More:

‘Forever chemicals’ contamination at Defense Department sites threatens Great Lakes fish and residents  –  EWG
Learn more about PFAS, the toxic nonstick chemicals in water  –  EWG

PFAS contamination research in the Great Lakes

Detection of a Cyclic Perfluorinated Acid, Perfluoroethylcyclohexane Sulfonate, in the Great Lakes of North America (Research abstract)
Perfluorinated Compounds in Aquatic Organisms at Various Trophic Levels in a Great Lakes Food Chain (Research abstract)
Spatial and temporal variability of perfluoroalkyl substances in the Laurentian Great Lakes (Research abstract)

PFAS testing methods in water and food

Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) (Methods and guidance for sampling and analyzing water and other environmental media)  –  US EPA
Determination of 16 Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Food using LC-MSMS (Testing method)  –  US FDA

PFAS in food: Risk assessment and Consumption guidelines 

PFAS in food: EFSA assesses risks and sets tolerable intake  –  European Food Safety Authority
Choose Wisely. A Health Guide for Eating Fish in Wisconsin (Advisory booklet) –  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
New Smelt Consumption Advisory for Lake Superior  –  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
PFAS Response – Consumption guidelines for fish with elevated PFOS levels  –  Michigan.govThe chemicals have seeped into the Great Lakes, adversely affecting wildlife, and potentially harming residents’ food supply and livelihoods if they consume fish contaminated with the chemicals. The contamination underscores the need for swift PFAS cleanup by DOD, which used these chemicals in firefighting foams for decades and knew of their harms. More:

‘Forever chemicals’ contamination at Defense Department sites threatens Great Lakes fish and residents  –  EWG
Learn more about PFAS, the toxic nonstick chemicals in water  –  EWG

PFAS contamination research in the Great Lakes

Detection of a Cyclic Perfluorinated Acid, Perfluoroethylcyclohexane Sulfonate, in the Great Lakes of North America (Research abstract)
Perfluorinated Compounds in Aquatic Organisms at Various Trophic Levels in a Great Lakes Food Chain (Research abstract)
Spatial and temporal variability of perfluoroalkyl substances in the Laurentian Great Lakes (Research abstract)

PFAS testing methods in water and food

Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) (Methods and guidance for sampling and analyzing water and other environmental media)  –  US EPA
Determination of 16 Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Food using LC-MSMS (Testing method)  –  US FDA

PFAS in food: Risk assessment and Consumption guidelines 

PFAS in food: EFSA assesses risks and sets tolerable intake  –  European Food Safety Authority
Choose Wisely. A Health Guide for Eating Fish in Wisconsin (Advisory booklet) –  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
New Smelt Consumption Advisory for Lake Superior  –  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
PFAS Response – Consumption guidelines for fish with elevated PFOS levels  –  Michigan.gov

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